THC – Tetrahydrocannabinol is one of at least 113 cannabinoids identified in cannabis. THC is the principal psychoactive constituent of cannabis.
CBD – Cannabidiol is a phytocannabinoid discovered in 1940. It is one of some 113 identified cannabinoids in cannabis plants, accounting for up to 40% of the plant’s extract. As of 2018, preliminary clinical research on cannabidiol included studies of its effects on anxiety, cognition, movement disorders, and pain.
Cannabinoid – A cannabinoid is one of a class of diverse chemical compounds that acts on cannabinoid receptors in cells that alter neurotransmitter release in the brain.
Terpenes – Terpenes are a large and diverse class of organic compounds, produced by a variety of plants, particularly conifers, and by some insects. They often have a strong odour and are responsible for the distinct aromas associated with cannabis.
Strain – This refers to the exact variety of cannabis. It is usually broken down into the main genetic families (Indica, Sativa and Hyrid) and then defined by individual names. There are hundreds of varieties and many of them have very unique names.
Indica – One of the two main genetic types of cannabis. Indica plants tend to be smaller with smaller flowers. Most find Indica to be more relaxing and reserve it for evening use.
Sativa – Sativa is the other main genetic type of cannabis. It tends to grow tall and spread out. Similarly it’s flowers tend to be larger and more fluffy. Most tend to find Sativa to be more energizing and reserve it for daytime use.
Hybrid – These are a crossbreed of an Indica strain and a Sativa strain. This is the most commonly found family grouping as growers have been cross breeding Indica and Sativa plants for many years.
Infused/Infusing – The result/process of transferring the cannabinoids from the cannabis flower into another substance.
Edible – Any form of cannabis that can be eaten.
Topical – Any form of cannabis that you absorb through the skin.
Tincture – Cannabis that has been infused into alcohol or vegetable glycerine.
Decarboxylation – Decarboxylation is a chemical reaction that removes a carboxyl group and releases carbon dioxide. Usually, decarboxylation refers to a reaction of carboxylic acids, removing a carbon atom from a carbon chain. -This process is required to activate the desired properties of cannabis.
Endocannabinoid System (ECS) – The ECS is a biological system that produces it’s own cannabinoids. These cannabinoids react with cannabinoid receptors to keep our health stable.
When the ECS is not producing enough of/right type of cannabinoids, our systems are able to use phytocannabinoids (the kind of cannabinoids found in cannabis) to activate the receptors and let our bodies heal.
The ECS is present throughout our bodies and is why cannabis has such a broad range of applications. It is also why everyone reacts differently to any given strain of cannabis.
Your pets also have an ECS. This means that while responsible use of CBD may help them, an edible left out where they can get it is a hazard. Even if the edible didn’t make them sick, it would leave them scared and confused. Always remember to keep your cannabis out of reach of children and pets.
Vape/Vaporizer – A tool used to heat dry cannabis flowers to a precise temperature without a direct heat source. It is a great alternative to smoking.